Prune a Day can Keep Inflammation and Osteoporosis at Bay
An estimated 13.6 million people in the U.S. over the age of 50 will develop osteoporosisa loss of bone strength caused by reduced mineral density of the bonesby the year 2030.
Osteoporosis increases the risk of fracture, especially in older adults.
People who experience menopause have lower levels of estrogen, which trigger an increase in inflammation in the body, which can also contribute to bone loss.
Previous research has shown that polyphenol extractsplant compounds that act as antioxidants and reduce inflammationin prunes promote lower levels of oxidative stress and inflammation in a type of bone cell called osteoclasts.
In a new study, researchers from the Integrative and Biomedical Physiology Program and the Departments of Nutritional Sciences and Kinesiology at The Pennsylvania State University explored the effects of prunes on bone health after menopause.
Postmenopausal women with a bone mineral density score that was defined as lowa marker of osteoporosiswere divided into three groups:
The research team looked at blood samples taken from all volunteers before and after the trial and found significant reductions in inflammatory markers in both of the prune-eating groups compared to the control group.
“Our findings suggest that consumption of six to 12 prunes per day may reduce pro-inflammatory mediators that may contribute to bone loss in postmenopausal women. Thus, prunes might be a promising nutritional intervention to prevent the rise in inflammatory mediators often observed as part of the aging process,” said Janhavi Damani, MS, first author of the study.